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Fiber Optics - The New Communication Highway

by:TBT     2020-08-11
Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending pulses of light through an optical fiber. The light forms an electromagnetic carrier wave that is modulated to carry information. This technology goes back to the 1970s. Companies like Corning Glass paved the way for fiber to be laid in the ground. It has taken some time but today fiber-optic communication systems are revolutionizing the telecommunications industry and will continue to do so as long as there is increased demand for information to be delivered at high speeds. Because of its advantages over electrical transmission, optical fibers have largely replaced copper wire communications in core networks in the developed world. Local telecommunication carriers are continuing to bring fiber cables closer to the door steps of businesses and residences.
So how does it work? Pretty simple. The optical signal is created involving the use of a transmitter, relaying the signal along the fiber, ensuring that the signal does not become too distorted or weak, receiving the optical signal, and converting it into an electrical signal. That is it.
Since 1990, when optical-amplification systems became commercially available, the telecommunications industry has laid a vast network of intercity and transoceanic fiber communication lines. By 2002, an intercontinental network of 250,000 km of submarine communications cable with a capacity of 2.56 Tb/s was completed, and although specific network capacities are privileged information, telecommunications investment reports indicate that network capacity has increased dramatically since 2004.
Most of the telecommunication carriers, today, use fiber optics to transmit telephone signals, Internet communication, and cable television signals. Due to much lower attenuation and interference, optical fiber has large advantages over existing copper wire in long-distance and high speed-demand applications. However, infrastructure development within cities has been relatively difficult and time-consuming. Fiber-optic systems used to be complex and expensive to install and operate. It is getting better and less expensive. Since 2000, the prices for fiber-optic communications have dropped considerably. The price for rolling out fiber to the home has currently become more cost-effective than that of rolling out a copper based network. Telecommunication companies are offering a wide variety of bandwidth speeds from 10mpbs to over 100mpbs for prices starting around $850/month. This not only makes affordable high speed Internet for overloaded networks but voice applications like SIP (Session Initiated Protocol) and PRI can easily be integrated for optimum voice and data solutions.
With demand ever increasing due to information overload fiber optics is the only solution that will work in a world that demands its information now. The major drawback is not the cost but the time for implementation. It can take 90-120 days to have a fiber connection deployed. And that is only when the fiber is available at the site. However this is the future highway for businesses and residences seeking speed and convenience to accomplish their goals. It is not hard to find out if fiber is available at your site.
Just contact your local communications company or give us a call at NovaCom 678-710-6800.
Ron Focazio - 678-776-1076
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